Although a persona’s sexual or romantic orientation or gender identity may not be a source of distress, people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex, or any other type of non-conforming sexual or gender identity (known as LGBT, LGBTQ, or LGBTQIA, among others) may find that the social stigma of living as a sexual minority is a source of stress or anxiety. When seeking therapy, whether for issues associated with one’s sexual, romantic, or gender identity or for everyday concerns, finding a qualified mental health professional who has experience and familiarity with issues that confront the LGBTQ community can be critical to successful therapy outcomes.
Potential Issues Faced by Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Individuals
Despite rapidly growing cultural acceptance of diverse sexual and romantic orientations and gender identifications, oppression, discrimination and marginalization of LGBTQ people persists. Coping with discrimination and oppression, coming out to one’s family and sorting out an â€œauthenticâ€ sense of self in the face of social expectations and pressures can lead to higher levels of depression, anxiety, substance abuse and other mental health concerns for LGBTQ people.
Research shows that youth who identify as LGBTQ are at an increased risk of suicidal ideation and self-harm, particularly when they also experience discrimination based on their sexual or gender identity. According to a 2007 survey, students who identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender were almost ten times as likely to have experienced bullying and victimization at school and more than twice as likely to have considered suicide as their heterosexual, non-transgender classmates within the previous year. Discrimination may take several forms, including, social rejection, verbal and physical bullying, and sexual assault, and repeated episodes will likely lead to chronic stress and diminished mental health. Perceived discrimination the expectation of discrimination will also lead to diminished mental health. LGBTQ adults, too, may be subject to similar forms of harassment, as well as discrimination with regards to housing, employment, education, and basic human rights.
Of course, many of the issues that LGBTQ people might bring to therapy are those that are common among all people. All couples argue over many of the same things money, sex, the in-laws, quality time and all people are subject to the same kinds of daily stressors, such as mood swings, workplace concerns, or low self-esteem.
- Almeida, J., Johnson, R. M., Corliss, H. L., Molnar, B. E., and Azrael, D. (2009). Emotional distress among LGBTQ youth: The influence of perceived discrimination based on sexual orientation.Â Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 1001-14. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204636129?accountid=1229
- Feldman, J., MD, PhD, and Spencer, K., PhD. (2014). Gender dysphoria in a 39-year-old man. Canadian Medical Association. Journal,Â 186(1), 49-50. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1507590761?accountid=1229
- Gender Variance: A Primer. (2001). Gender Education & Advocacy, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.gender.org/resources/dge/gea01004.pdf
- Mental Health. (2013). LGBTQ Science. Retrieved from http://www.LGBTQscience.org/mental-health/
- Report of the APA Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation. (2009). American Psychological Association. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/pi/LGBTQ/resources/therapeutic-response.pdf